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Fig. 39. Changes in the total amount of iron on the egg surface in the non-treated, tannic acid-treated and kaolin-treated groups during the experiment. Asterisks express significant differences compared to the initial value of each group (P < 0.05; One way ANOVA). Cross marks show significant differences compared to the value of non-treatment group at the same sampling time (P < 0.05; One way ANOVA). The letter 'a' indicates significant differences with the value of the kaolin-treated group at the same sampling time (P < 0.05; One way ANOVA). Modified from Aquaculture, 242, Mizuno et al., Elimination of adhesiveness in the eggs of shishamo smelt Spirinchus lanceolatus using kaolin treatment to achieve high hatching rate in an environment with a high iron concentration, 713–726, © 2004, with permission from Elsevier.

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