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Table 1. Comparison of central cardiovascular anatomy in air-breathing fishes relating to potential separation of oxygenated blood from the air-breathing organs and deoxygenated blood from the body.

(1) Potter 1927, (2) Zaccone et al. 2011, (3) Parsons 1930, (4) Goodrich 1958, (5) Greenwood and Liem 1984, (6) Gonzales et al. 2008b, (7) personal observation, (8) Gonzales et al. 2011, (9) Schöttle 1931, (10) Allis 1922, (11) Abdel Magid 1967, (12) Assheton 1907, (13) Liem 1961, (14) Munshi et al. 1990, (15) Munshi and Mishra 1974, (16) Olson et al. 1990, (17) Thomas 1967, (18) Olson et al. 1995, (19) Olson et al. 1986, (20) Munshi et al. 1986, (21) Thomas 1976, (22) Ishimatsu and Itazawa 1983a, (23) Ishimatsu et al. 1979, (24) Johansen et al. 1968a, (25) Klitgaard 1978, (26) Bugge 1960, (27) Szidon et al. 1969, (28) Icardo et al. 2005b, (29) Icardo et al. 2005a, (30) Robertson 1913. ABS, afferent blood to the systemic bed (= systemic arterial blood); ABA, afferent blood to air-breathing organs (ABO); DA, ductus arteriosus. * drainage pathway stated when a pulmonary vein or an air-bladder vein exists.

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