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Fig. 1. Convergence of arithmetic means of the maximum eigenvalues of matrices for all permutations to the maximum eigenvalue of the mean matrix. Relative error is tm1(R). Modified from Bull. Jpn. Soc. Fish. Oceanogr., 74, Akamine, Mathematical study of matrix models for fish population dynamics in random environments, 208–213, © 2010, with permission from the Japanese Society of Fisheries Oceanography.

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