TERRAPUB Journal of Oceanography

Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 63 (No. 1), pp. 113-123, 2007

Community Structures of Coral Reefs around Peninsular Malaysia

Tatsuki Toda1*, Tomoko Okashita1, Takeshi Maekawa1, Bin Abdul Adzis Kee Alfian2, Mohd Kushairi Mohd Rajuddin3, Ryota Nakajima1, Wenxi Chen4, Kunio T. Takahashi5, Bin Haji Ross Othman2 and Makoto Terazaki6

1Laboratory of Restoration Ecology, Department of Environmental Engineering for Symbiosis, Faculty of Engineering, Soka University, Tangi-cho, Hachioji-city, Tokyo 192-8577, Japan
2School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
3Faculty of Biotechnology and Life Sciences, Universiti Industri Selangor, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
4Department of Computer Software, The University of Aizu, Tsuruga, Ikki-machi, Aizu-Wakamatsu-city, Fukushima 965-8580, Japan
5Australian Government Antarctic Division, Channel Highway, Kingston, Tasmania 7050, Australia
6Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, Minami-dai, Nakano-ku, Tokyo 164-8639, Japan

(Received 30 August 2005; in revised form 19 September 2006; accepted 19 September 2006)

Abstract: Coral community structures at eleven fringing reef sites were investigated along the coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Estimated coverage of coral communities is examined by applying quantitative digital image analysis to the line transect method. Four coral community types were characterized by dominant genera and lifeforms: Acropora branching community, Montipora-Acropora community, Porites massive community, and Heliopora community. Live coral coverage in all study sites ranged from 17.9% to 68.6%. Most reefs were in "fair" condition while some reefs were shown to be in "poor" condition. Coral community structures among the study sites were divided into the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia with a dominant Porites massive lifeform, and the east coast with a variety of lifeform categories of Montipora and Acropora. Physical effects such as the monsoon wind regime and sedimentation are likely to influence the formation of dominant coral communities around Peninsular Malaysia.

*Corresponding author E-mail: toda@t.soka.ac.jp

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