Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 61 (No. 5), pp. 979-985, 2005Short Contribution
Zhongzhe Zhang1* and Kaoru Ichikawa2,3
1Department of Earth System Science and Technology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
2Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
3Institute of Observational Research for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Yokosuka 237-0061, Japan
(Received 23 August 2004; in revised form 5 February 2005; accepted 14 February 2005)
Abstract: The correlation between the Kuroshio and coastal sea level south of Japan has been examined using the altimetry and tide gauge data during the period 1992-2000. The sea level varies uniformly in a region bounded by the coast and the mean Kuroshio axis, which stretches for several hundred kilometers along the coast. These variations are related with the Kuroshio velocity, as coastal sea level decreases (or increases) when the Kuroshio is faster (or slower). To the east of the Kii Peninsula, where sea level variations are different from these to the west, movement of the Kuroshio axis additionally affects coastal sea level variations.