TERRAPUB Journal of Oceanography

Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 59 (No. 1), pp. 37-47, 2003

Tidal Currents in the Tsushima Straits Estimated from ADCP Data by Ferryboat

Tetsutaro Takikawa1*, Jong-Hwan Yoon2 and Kyu-Dae Cho3

1Department of Earth System Science and Technology, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
2Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
3Department of Oceanography, Pukyong National University, 599-1 Dae-Yeondong, Nagu, Pusan 608-737, Korea

(Received 15 February 2002; in revised form 30 April 2002; accepted 2 May 2002)

Abstract: Tidal currents in the Tsushima Straits have been analyzed using measurements obtained since February 1997 by an acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) mounted on the ferryboat Camellia. Tidal current constituents (M2, S2, K1, O1) are dominant among the ten tidal current constituents (Q1, O1, P1, K1, N2, M2, S2, K2, MSf, Mf), and generally 1.4-2.1 times stronger at the western channel of the straits than those at the eastern channel. The ratio between amplitude of M2, S2, K1 and O1 averaged along the ferryboat track is 1:0.45:0.59:0.51. The major axis directions of tidal current ellipses are generally SW to NE, exceptionally in the vicinity of the Tsushima Islands. Approaching the Tsushima Islands from the Korean Peninsula side, the major axis gradually rotates clockwise. At the western channel, the M2 and K1 constituents change the rotation direction of current vectors from clockwise to counterclockwise at about 90-130 m depth. The contributions of the tidal currents to the mean kinetic energy and the mean eddy kinetic energy along the ferryboat track are, on average, 0.56 and 0.71, respectively. This suggests that tidal current activities are generally more dominant than the mean current activities and much more dominant than eddy activities. The only region where the eddy activities are comparable to the tidal current activities is located on the east side of the Tsushima Islands.

*Corresponding author E-mail: tetu@riam.kyushu-u.ac.jp

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