Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 56 (No. 2), pp. 185-196, 2000
Tsuneo Odate1*, Toru Hirawake2, Atsushi Tanimura2 and Mitsuo Fukuchi2
1Faculty of Bioresources, Mie University, 1515 Kamihama, Tsu 514-8507, Japan
2National Institute of Polar Research, 1-9-10 Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8515, Japan
(Received 24 February 1999; in revised form 6 August 1999; accepted 9 August 1999)
Abstract: Surface temperature, salinity, concentrations of silicate (Si) and nitrate + nitrite (N), and in vivofluorescence (Fluor) were investigated in the marginal ice zone (MIZ) and the seasonally open oceanic zone (SOOZ) (32-40°E, 64-69°S) from February 23 to 28 1992. In the MIZ the mean Si and N were 67.8 ± 2.2 mM and 32.5 ± 1.7 mM, respectively. There was a trend that low N values coincided with high Fluor values. Observation conducted at one point (64°S, 38°E) revealed a diel variation pattern in Fluor. Applying this pattern of deviation from noon value, all Fluor data were normalized to value at local noon. In the MIZ a significant negative correlation was observed between the normalized Fluor and N but not Si. On the other hand, Si decreased continuously from south to north in the SOOZ and was negatively correlated with the normalized Fluor. Difference in Si concentration was about 30 mM between the sea around 64°S and the MIZ, while the difference in N concentration was estimated as less than 10 mM. If diatoms take up silicate and nitrogen at an approximate ratio of 1:1, additional nitrogenous nutrients other than nitrate and nitrite (e.g. ammonia, urea etc.) would be required. In this case, an f-ratio of lower than 33% is obtained. It is suggested that in the MIZ abundance of phytoplankton community dominated by non-diatom increases utilizing nitrate while in the SOOZ abundance of phytoplankton community dominated by diatoms increases consuming Si and regenerated nitrogen.