Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 51 (No. 6), pp. 665-680, 1995
Tomonori Azumaya and Kiyotaka Ohtani
Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University, 3-1-1 Minato-cho, Hakodate 041, Japan
(Received 9 May 1994; in revised form 25 April 1995; accepted 1 May 1995)
Abstract: The cold bottom water, formed in the previous winter on the eastern Bering Sea shelf, remains throughout the summer. In order to examine the mechanism for the formation of the cold bottom water, we used minimum water temperature in the cold bottom water observed over the eastern Bering Sea shelf for 30 years. The interannual variation in the minimum water temperature of the cold bottom water was closely related to that of mean air temperature during cooling period at St. Paul Island. The air temperature in previous winter primarily affects the cold bottom water. We estimated decrement of the water temperature due to ice melting with simple box model. It was found with the box model that decreasing of the water temperature and lowering of the salinity depend on ice melting. To investigate the cause of interannual variation in air temperature in winter, we applied EOF analysis to the 500 hPa height. The Pacific/North American pattern (PNA) was related to mean air temperature at St. Paul Island in cooling season and the cold bottom water temperature. These results suggest the connection between ENSO events and warming or cooling in the Bering Sea shelf in winter.