TERRAPUB Geochemical Journal
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Geochemical Journal, Vol. 52, 2018
doi:10.2343/geochemj.2.0498

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Precise determination of 14 REEs in GSJ/AIST geochemical reference materials JCp-1 (coral) and JCt-1 (giant clam) using isotope dilution ICP-quadrupole mass spectrometry

TSUYOSHI TANAKA1,4*, SEUNG-GU LEE1, TAEHOON KIM1, SEUNGHEE HAN2, HYO MIN LEE3, SEUNG RYEOL LEE1 and JONG IK LEE2

1Geology Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea
2Division of Polar Earth-System Sciences, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon 21990, Korea
3Geoanalysis Center, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea
4KOFST Brain Pool Researcher on leave from Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan

Abstract: The concentrations of fourteen rare earth elements (REEs) in GSJ/AIST geochemical reference materials JCp-1 (coral) and JCt-1 (giant clam) were identified by isotope dilution inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, using a quadrupole mass filter (ID-ICP-QMS). Large samples (2 ∼ 4.1 g) were used to eliminate inhomogeneities in the sample powders. The sample powders were spiked with enriched isotopes and decomposed using HCl. The REEs were separated from the matrix elements by Fe(OH)3-coprecipitation and purified by cation-exchange chromatography. The REEs were further divided into light REE, middle REE, and heavy REE fractions using cation-exchange chromatography, eluted with 2-hydroxyisobutyric acid (HIBA). The abundances for ten poly-isotopic REEs were obtained using both the isotope dilution method and the conventional peak height comparison method, using a calibration curve. The recovery rates for the ten REEs were then calculated by comparing the values obtained by these two methods. The obtained recovery rates were then interpolated for mono-isotopic REEs, and their concentrations were corrected from their relative peak heights. The obtained values were determined twice, using different spike/sample ratios, and agreed within +/- 2 %, with the exception of La, Ce, and Ho. The ID gave precise abundances for the fourteen different REEs rapidly and easily.
Key words: Isotope dilution, ICP-MS, JCp-1, JCt-1, REE


*Corresponding author E-mail: tanakat@nagoya-u.jp

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