TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 65 (No. 6), pp. 645-655, 2013

Transition in eruption style during the 2011 eruption of Shinmoe-dake, in the Kirishima volcanic group: Implications from a steady conduit flow model

Ryo Tanaka and Takeshi Hashimoto

Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, N10W8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-0810, Japan

(Received October 30, 2012; Revised April 10, 2013; Accepted May 4, 2013; Online published July 8, 2013)

Abstract: Mount Shinmoe-dake, in the Kirishima volcanic group (in southern Kyushu, Japan), erupted in January 2011. The eruption style was initially phreatomagmatic, and then underwent a series of transitions from sub-plinian explosions to an extrusion of lava from the summit crater. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the cause of such changes in eruption styles, focusing on the conditions for the eruption to be non-explosive and for the lava effusion to cease. To examine the conditions in the conduit and magma chamber, a numerical code is devised, based on the one-dimensional steady flow model of Kozono and Koyaguchi (2010), who modeled a dome-forming eruption. We systematically search for a condition in which the magma would not be fragmented, but the initial volatile content in the magma chamber would remain constant and unchanged. We find that the high magma permeability and/or the high degree of lateral gas escape was needed for the eruption to be effusive, and we estimate the pressure decrement at the cessation of lava extrusion.
Key words: Conduit-flow model, Shinmoe-dake, eruption, volcano, eruption style, permeability, degassing, magma chamber.

Corresponding author E-mail: ryo-10@mail.sci.hokudai.ac.jp

[Full text] (PDF 1 MB)