TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 65 (No. 6), pp. 517-525, 2013

Crustal deformation associated with the 2011 Shinmoe-dake eruption as observed by tiltmeters and GPS

Hideki Ueda, Tomofumi Kozono, Eisuke Fujita, Yuhki Kohno, Masashi Nagai, Yousuke Miyagi, and Toshikazu Tanada

National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Tennôdai 3-1, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-0006, Japan

(Received October 12, 2012; Revised January 8, 2013; Accepted March 2, 2013; Online published July 8, 2013)

Abstract: The National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED) developed volcano observation stations at the Kirishima volcanic group in 2010. The stations observed remarkable crustal deformation and seismic tremors associated with the Shinmoe-dake eruption in 2011. The major eruptive activity began with sub-Plinian eruptions (January 26) before changing to explosive eruptions and continuous lava effusion into the summit crater (from January 28). The observation data combined with GEONET data of GSI indicated a magma chamber located about 7 km to the northwest of Shinmoe-dake at about 10 km depth. The tiltmeter data also quantified detailed temporal volumetric changes of the magma chamber due to the continuous eruptions. The synchronized tilt changes with the eruptions clearly show that the erupted magma was supplied from the magma chamber; nevertheless, the stations did not detect clear precursory tilt changes and earthquakes showing ascent of magma from the magma chamber just before the major eruptions. The lack of clear precursors suggests that magma had been stored in a conduit connecting the crater and the magma chamber prior to the beginning of the sub-Plinian eruptions.
Key words: Shinmoe-dake, Kirishima volcano, tiltmeter, volcanic earthquake, volcanic tremor, eruption, crustal deformation, magma chamber.

Corresponding author E-mail: ueda@bosai.go.p

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