TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 65 (No. 4), pp. 343-350, 2013

Ionospheric response to a geomagnetic storm during November 8-10, 2004

K. G. Simi1, G. Manju2, M. K. Madhav Haridas2, S. R. Prabhakaran Nayar1, Tarun Kumar Pant2, and S. Alex3

1Department of Physics, University of Kerala, India
2Space Physics Laboratory (SPL, VSSC) Trivandrum, India
3Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG Mumbai), India

(Received December 20, 2011; Revised September 10, 2012; Accepted September 14, 2012; Online published May 7, 2013)

Abstract: This paper investigates the response of the equatorial, and near equatorial, ionosphere to geomagnetic disturbances during the period November 8-10, 2004. Ionosonde data from Trivandrum (8.5°N 77°E and dip 0.5°N) and SHAR (13.5°N, 80.2°E, dip ∼5.5°N), magnetic field data from Tirunelveli (8.7°N, 76.9°E, dip latitude 0.5°S) and Alibag (18.64°N, 72.87°E), and GUVI O/N2 data in the Indian longitude sector, are used for the study. The behavior of interplanetary parameters is also examined in conjunction with the ionospheric data. On 8 November, the EIA around noontime is not fully inhibited even though the electrojet strength an indicates inhibition of EIA due to a disturbance dynamo electric field effect. It is the enhanced O/N2 over TRV and SHAR, with a larger increase over SHAR, which results in a larger (than expected) value of the EIA proxy parameter. On 9 November, the comparable values of foF2 at TRV and SHAR around noon time is due to the combined effect of a weakened anomaly in the presence disturbance dynamo electric field effects leading to the EIA crest being near SHAR, and increased O/N2 values at TRV and SHAR with a larger increase at TRV. On 10 November, the very strong values of the EIA proxy-SHAR parameter is attributed to the combined effects of prompt penetration electric field related modulations of EIA, and significant O/N2 changes at the equatorial, and near equatorial, latitude. Thus, the study reveals the important role of storm-induced O/N2 changes, along with prompt penetration electric fields and disturbance dynamo electric fields in modulating the ionization distribution in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) region during this period.
Key words: Geomagnetic storm, Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA), O/N2 ratio, Equatorial Electrojet (EEJ).

Corresponding author E-mail: manju_spl@vssc.gov.in

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