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Earth Planets Space, Vol. 64 (No. 2), pp. 201-206, 2012
doi:10.5047/eps.2011.04.012

Solar wind and its evolution

Takeru K. Suzuki

Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Nagoya 606-8602, Japan

(Received February 3, 2011; Revised April 6, 2011; Accepted April 11, 2011; Online published March 8, 2012)

Abstract: By using our previous results of magnetohydrodynamical simulations for the solar wind from open flux tubes, I discuss how the solar wind in the past is different from the current solar wind. The simulations are performed in fixed one-dimensional super-radially open magnetic flux tubes by inputing various types of fluctuations from the photosphere, which automatically determines solar wind properties in a forward manner. The three important parameters which determine physical properties of the solar wind are surface fluctuation, magnetic field strengths, and the configuration of magnetic flux tubes. Adjusting these parameters to the sun at earlier times in a qualitative sense, I infer that the quasi-steady-state component of the solar wind in the past was denser and slightly slower if the effect of the magneto-centrifugal force is not significant. I also discuss effects of magneto-centrifugal force and roles of coronal mass ejections.
Key words: Atmosphere, MHD, planets, solar corona, solar wind, waves.


Corresponding author E-mail: stakeru@nagoya-u.jp


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