Earth Planets Space, Vol. 63 (No. 10), pp. 1021-1026, 2011
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
(Received August 31, 2010; Accepted November 28, 2010; Online published February 2, 2012)
The discovery of rapid synthesis of complex organic solids in the late stages of stellar evolution has led to a new realization that carbonaceous compounds can be a major significant component of interstellar dust. Signatures of aromatic and aliphatic solids are seen in interstellar clouds as well as the diffuse interstellar medium. Similar features are also seen in the integrated spectrum of galaxies. This has raised the possibilities that many of the unidentified astronomical phenomena such as the diffuse interstellar bands, the 217 nm feature, the extended red emission, the 21 and 30 μm emission features, could also arise from complex organics. In this paper, we discuss the possible chemical structures of these organic solids and the relationships between circumsmtellar and interstellar dust with the organics found in meteorites, asteroids, comets and planetary satellites. The possibility that all these organics share a common origin is discussed.
Key words: Interstellar dust, planetary nebulae, novae, comets, organic matter, tholins, kerogen.