TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 63 (No. 7), pp. 577-582, 2011


Source process of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake inferred from waveform inversion with long-period strong-motion records

Kunikazu Yoshida1, Ken Miyakoshi1, and Kojiro Irikura2

1Geo-Research Institute, 4-3-2 Itachibori, Nishi-ku, Osaka 550-0012, Japan
2Aichi Institute of Technology, 1247 Yachigusa, Yakusa, Toyota, Aichi 470-0392, Japan

(Received April 15, 2011; Revised June 27, 2011; Accepted June 28, 2011; Online published September 27, 2011)

Abstract: We have investigated the rupture process of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake using a multi-time-window linear waveform inversion method using long-period strong-ground motion data. From the record section of the long-period motion of the 3 phases, it is indicated that the rupture process mainly consists of the 3 stages. We have assumed a single planar fault model of 468 km long in strike and 228 km wide in dip. The seismic moment of this earthquake was estimated to be 4.3 × 1022 N m (Mw 9.0). The inverted slip distribution shows a large asperity with a maximum slip of about 47 m which is located on the shallower part of the fault plane. The rupture process is divided into three stages: a first stage with moderate slip; a second stage with large and long-duration slip in the shallow part of the fault; and a third stage with relatively small and short-duration slip in the southern part of the fault. The feature of the ground motion suggested from the record section is well represented by the peak moment rate distributions, rather than the slip distributions. The rupture velocity is around 3-4 km/s in the first and third stages, while rupture progression was suspended for a while before the rupture of the asperity.
Key words: 2011 Tohoku Earthquake, long-period ground motion, strong motion, source process, peak moment rate distribution.

Corresponding author E-mail: yoshida@geor.or.jp

[Full text] (PDF 712 KB)