Earth Planets Space, Vol. 63 (No. 7), pp. 553-557, 2011
Mitsuyuki Hoshiba and Kazuhiro Iwakiri
Meteorological Research Institute, Nagamine 1-1, Tsukuba 305-0031, Japan
(Received April 7, 2011; Revised May 10, 2011; Accepted June 10, 2011; Online published September 27, 2011)
We analyzed the waveforms of the mainshock (Mw 9.0) and three foreshocks of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake during the initial 30 s after P-wave onset to determine the maximum amplitudes of acceleration, velocity, and displacement, and τc (the period parameter of the waveform). The amplitudes for the Mw 9.0 event were quite small for the first several seconds, as small as those of the Mw 6 foreshocks, and the τc value was also as small as those of the foreshocks. For the first 30 s, the amplitude of the Mw 9.0 event was larger than that of the Mw 7.3 foreshock whereas τc was smaller. These results suggest that it is difficult to determine the eventual magnitude for very large earthquakes from the initial several seconds, that an updating procedure is important for Earthquake Early Warning using ongoing waveforms, and that τc might not be reliable for magnitude estimation at least for the main shock.
Key words: Earthquake Early Warning, magnitude, τc, the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake.