Earth Planets Space, Vol. 62 (No. 2), pp. 153-165, 2010
Dominique Gibert1, François Beauducel1, Yves Déclais2, Nolwenn Lesparre1, Jacques Marteau2, Florence Nicollin3, and Albert Tarantola1
1Institut de Physique de Globe de Paris, UMR 7154 CNRS/INSU, Université Paris Cité, 4 Place Jussieu, Case 89, 75252 Paris cedex 5, France
2Institut de Physique Nucléaire de Lyon, UMR 5822 CNRS/IN2P3, Domaine scientifique de la Doua, 4 Rue Enrico Fermi, 69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France
3Géosciences Rennes, UMR 6118 CNRS/INSU, B15 Campus de Beaulieu, 35042 Rennes cedex, France
(Received November 23, 2008; Revised June 25, 2009; Accepted July 10, 2009; Online published February 22, 2010)
The application of muon tomography to monitor and image the internal structure of
volcanoes in the Lesser Antilles is discussed. Particular focus is directed towards the three
volcanoes that fall under the responsibility of the Institut de Physique du Globe of Paris, namely
La Montagne Pelée in Martinique, La Soufriére in Guadeloupe, and the Soufriére Hills in
Montserrat. The technological criteria for the design of portable muon telescopes are presented in
detail for both their mechanical and electronic aspects. The detector matrices are constructed with
scintillator strips, and their detection characteristics are discussed. The tomography inversion is
presented, and its distinctive characteristics are briefly discussed. Details are given on the
implementation of muon tomography experiments on La Soufriére in Guadeloupe.
Key words: Volcanoes, monitoring, tomography, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, telescope, muons, cosmic rays.