TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 61 (No. 8), pp. e41-e44, 2009


Effect of stochastic ionospheric delay modeling for GPS ambiguity resolution

Chang-Ki Hong1, Dorota A. Grejner-Brzezinska2, Jay Hyoun Kwon1, and Niyazi Arslan3

1Department of Geoinformatics, The University of Seoul, Korea
2Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Geodetic Science, The Ohio State University, USA
3Geodesy and Photogrammetry Engineering Department, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

(Received July 21, 2009; Revised September 2, 2009; Accepted September 6, 2009; Online published September 30, 2009)

Abstract: The network-derived ionospheric delay can improve the fast and accurate determination of the long baseline in both the rapid-static and kinematic Global Positioning System (GPS) positioning mode. In this study, an interpolation of the undifferenced (UD) ionospheric delays is performed on a satellite-by-satellite and epoch-by-epoch basis, respectively, using the least-squares collocation (LSC) to provide not only ionospheric delays but also their variances. The developed method retains the simplicity of the two-dimensional (2-D) model, but it does not introduce errors due to the thin-shell assumption made in the single-layered model. Our method also provides flexibility in forming the predicted double-differenced (DD) ionospheric delays. Faster and more reliable positioning solutions can be obtained when the developed method is used to predict DD ionospheric delays. The numerical test applying the method to the Ohio Continuously Operating Reference Station network shows a 23% improvement in mean time-to-fix with the network-derived ionospheric delays.
Key words: GPS positioning, ionosphere modeling, least-squares collocation, CORS.

Corresponding author E-mail: ckhong@uos.ac.kr

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