Earth Planets Space, Vol. 58 (No. 10), pp. 1401-1410, 2006
Vincenzo Costanzo-Alvarez1, Milagrosa Aldana1, Marisel Díaz2, Germán Bayona3, and Carolina Ayala1,3
1Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Apartado 89000, Caracas 1081-A, Venezuela
2Centro de Física, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, IVIC, Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020-A, Venezuela
3Corporación Geológica ARES, Calle 116, No 14A06, Bogotá, Colombia
(Received December 1, 2005; Revised June 22, 2006; Accepted July 7, 2006; Online published November 8, 2006)
In this work we present a review of our current research on the subject of near-surface hydrocarbon-induced magnetic contrasts. Samples are drill cuttings from number of Venezuelan and Colombian oil fields, and some soils from an oil prospective area. Results from rock magnetic, electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR), extractable organic matter (EOM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) are discussed in light of new experiments. Two types of magnetic susceptibility (MS) anomalies have been recognized in oil well samples (i.e. A and B-like). A-like anomalies are probably associated to a reducing environment caused by the underlying reservoirs, whereas B-like anomalies might reflect lithological contrasts. Samples from A-like anomalous levels reveal the restrictive presence of authigenic spherical aggregates of submicronic Fe-rich magnetic crystals. Peaks of organic matter free radical concentration (OMFRC) and EOM are also observed at depth levels that lie close to those with A-like anomalies. Hysteresis ratios Jrs/Js and Hcr/Hc could be used as additional criteria to recognize A-like magnetic contrasts. In soil samples, MS and OMFRC anomalies coincide with peaks of ethane concentration and an area underneath where source rock has reached appropriate conditions of pressure and temperature to generate hydrocarbons (Cretaceous kitchen). Different types of crude oils and subsurface structures could have also a direct effect on the observed amplitude of A-like anomalies.
Key words: Drill cuttings, magnetic susceptibility, framboids, SEM, EPR, EOM.