Earth Planets Space, Vol. 58 (No. 6), pp. 717-722, 2006
J. L. Rasson1, A. S. Potapov2, V. E. Korepanov3, S. Y. Khomutov4, V. M. Krasnov5, and J. Bitterly 6
1Institut Royal Météorologique, CPG, B-5670 Dourbes, Belgium
2Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics SD RAS, Irkutsk 664033, Russia
3Lviv Center of Institute of Space Research, Lviv 79000, Ukraine
4Geophysical Observatory "Klyuchi", Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
5Institute of Ionosphere of Ministry of Education and Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan 480020
6Observatoire Magnétique National, Chambon-la-Forêt 45340, France
(Received April 25, 2005; Revised August 23, 2005; Accepted August 26, 2005; Online published June 2, 2006)
We present the overall strategy used to upgrade 9 former USSR observatories to INTERMAGNET standards. The following aspects are discussed: application for funding to the INTAS European ad-hoc agency, choice of ob-servatories to upgrade, choice of the instrumentation to purchase and to install, calibration of the instrumentation and used standards, back-ups, installation of the instrumentation and observatory real estate upgrade, acquisition and communication, training of the observers and documentation, evaluation of the upgrades and management of the project. Several observatories were successfully upgraded and we expect their INTERMAGNET certification soon.
Key words: Observatory, geomagnetic observations, NIS science, New Independent States, Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, INTAS, DIflux, magnetometer, standard.