TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 57 (No. 12), pp. 1151-1156, 2005

NGDC/GFZ candidate models for the 10th generation International Geomagnetic Reference Field

Stefan Maus1,2, Susan McLean1, David Dater1, Hermann Lühr3, Martin Rother3, Wolfgang Mai3, and Sungchan Choi3

1National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA E/GC1, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305, USA
2Cooperative Research Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, USA
3GeoForschungsZentrum, 14473 Potsdam, Germany

(Received February 9, 2005; Revised July 5, 2005; Accepted July 5, 2005)

Abstract: Following the call for candidates for the 10th generation IGRF, we produced and submitted three main field and three secular variation candidate models. The candidates are derived from parent models which use a standard quadratic parameterisation in time of the internal Gauss coefficients. External magnetospheric fields are represented by combined parameterisations in Solar Magnetic (SM) and in Geocentric Solar Magnetospheric (GSM) coordinates. Apart from the daily and annual variations caused by these external fields, the model also accounts for induction by Earth rotation in a non-axial external field. The uncertainties of our candidates are estimated by comparing independent models from CHAMP and Ørsted data. The root mean square errors of our main field candidates, for the internal field to spherical harmonic degree 13, are estimated to be less than 8 nT at the Earth's surface. Our secular variation candidates are estimated to have root mean square uncertainties of 12 nT per year. A hind-cast analysis of the geomagnetic field for earlier epochs shows that our secular acceleration estimates from post-2000 satellite data are inconsistent with pre-2000 acceleration in the field. This could confirm earlier reports of a jerk around 2000.0, with a genuine change in the secular acceleration.
Key words: Geomagnetism, field modeling, reference field, secular variation.

Corresponding author E-mail: Stefan.Maus@noaa.gov

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