TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 54 (No. 11), pp. 1055-1058, 2002

3-D finite-difference simulation of seismic fault zone waves—Application to the fault zone structure of the Mozumi-Sukenobu fault, central Japan—

Yutaka Mamada1, Yasuto Kuwahara1, Hisao Ito1, and Hiroshi Takenaka2

1Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, AIST Tsukuba Central 7, 1-1, Higashi 1-Chome, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8567, Japan
2Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Hakozaki 6-10-1, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

(Received January 4, 2002; Revised August 9, 2002; Accepted August 9, 2002)

Abstract: Fault zone waves have the potential to be a powerful tool to reveal the fine structure of a fault zone down to the seismogenic depth. Seismic fault zone waves include head waves, trapped waves and direct body waves propagating in the fault zone. 3-D numerical simulation is necessary to interpret the waveforms in the presence of low-velocity zones with relatively complex fault structure. We computed finite difference (FD) synthetic seismograms to fit the seismograms of explosions, which contain frequencies up to 25 Hz, recorded by a linear seismometer array across the Mozumi-Sukenobu fault, central Japan. We find fault zone head waves, direct P waves propagating within the low-velocity zone and wave trains following the direct P waves associated with the fault for both observed and synthetic waveforms. Thus, modelling of fault zone waves is expected to determine details of complex fault zone structure.

Corresponding author E-mail: y-mamada@aist.go.jp

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