TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 54 (No. 3), pp. 197-209, 2002

Analysis of peculiar volcanic earthquakes at Satsuma-Iojima volcano

Naokuni Uchida1 and Takayuki Sakai2

1Fukuoka District Meteorological Observatory, J.M.A., Fukuoka 810-0052, Japan
2Kagoshima Local Meteorological Observatory, J.M.A., Kagoshima 890-0068, Japan

(Received March 30, 2000; Revised February 28, 2001; Accepted November 9, 2001)

Abstract: Fukuoka District Meteorological Observatory has continued seismic observations at Satsuma-Iojima volcano since September 1997. Of the daily number of seismic events at the volcano, which sometimes exceeded 100, several different types have been observed. Hypocenters of A-type earthquakes mostly existed in a shallow area within the volcanic island. Numerous peculiar earthquakes that have waveforms different from usual volcanic earthquakes were observed with the ascent of seismic activity. They have an emergent phase that precedes the appearance of the high-amplitude main phase by 5-8 seconds and consists of weak seismic waves increasing gradually in amplitude. This type of earthquakes is considered to be excited by a bubbling of gas and a succeeding shear fracture within the highly viscous rhyolitic magma.

Corresponding author E-mail: n-uchida@met.kishou.go.jp

[Full text] (PDF 1.4 MB)