TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 52 (No. 11), pp. 941-945, 2000


Sensing atmospheric structure: Tropospheric tomographic results of the small-scale GPS campaign at the Onsala Space Observatory

A. Flores1, L. P. Gradinarsky2, P. Elósegui3, G. Elgered2, J. L. Davis3, and A. Rius1

1Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, IEEC-CSIC, Spain
2Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
3Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, MA, U.S.A.

(Received December 31, 1999; Revised June 19, 2000; Accepted August 2, 2000)

Abstract: Tropospheric tomography using data from local networks of Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers is producing encouraging spatio-temporal representations of the wet refractivity field. In this work we present the results from a small-scale geodetic experiment that we carried out at the Onsala Space Observatory. Seven GPS receivers distributed within a radius of 3 km from the center, were deployed during 21 days in the summer 1998. The limited number of sites and their spatial configuration present a challenge for tropospheric tomography. Using novel GPS techniques to determine the vertical structure of the atmosphere, we observed, for one session, a strong horizontal water-vapor gradient with a leading edge at higher altitude than the trailing edge, entering from the north. The vertical structure obtained independently using tomographic techniques matched such situation. These results suggest tomography is a promising technique for the determination of the spatio-temporal structure of the atmosphere. We will present preliminary results of the tropospheric tomography, using simulations and experimental data, together with some comparisons with radiosonde data.

Corresponding author E-mail: flores@ieee.org

[Full text] (PDF 948 KB)