TERRAPUB Earth, Planets and Space

Earth Planets Space, Vol. 50 (Nos. 6, 7), pp. 595-601, 1998

Removal of scattered light in the Earth atmosphere

Sonoyo Mukai1, Itaru Sano1, and Anthony Toigo2

1Faculty of Science and Technology, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka 577-8502, Japan
2California Institute of Technology, U.S.A.

(Received October 6, 1997; Revised February 26, 1998; Accepted March 6, 1998)

Abstract: Atmospheric correction algorithm, which means a procedure to remove scattered light in an atmosphere from the spaced-based data, are shown for ocean color data given by the satellite ADEOS. In order to achieve better atmospheric correction, this paper proposes two subjects; one is how to determine aerosol characteristics by referring to both of radiance and polarization, and the other is introduction of atmospheric correction coefficients.
At first it is shown that a heterogeneous grain model according to Maxwell-Garnett mixing rule as small water-soluble (WS) inclusions in an oceanic (OC) matrix is available to interpret ADEOS/OCTS and POLDER data observed over the Arabian Sea. Our algorithm is based on an idea that aerosol characteristics can be estimated in terms of scattering behavior in the polarization field. Then atmospheric correction, which is based on radiative transfer process in an atmosphere-ocean model involving the retrieved aerosol model, is applied to ocean color data given by ADEOS/OCTS. Finally our atmospheric correction provides an expected chlorophyll map near the sea surface. It is of interest to mention that retrieval of atmospheric aerosols is improved by combination use of radiance and polarization, moreover atmospheric correction process is progressed by using the correction coefficients.


Corresponding author E-mail: mukai@im.kindai.ac.jp


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